What is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)?

Consultant paediatrician Dr Chelvi Kukendrarajah  states It is a spectrum condition, which means that, while all people with autism share certain difficulties, their condition will affect them in different ways. Some people with autism are able to live relatively independent lives but others may have accompanying learning disabilities and need a lifetime of specialist support. People with autism may also experience over or under sensitivity to sounds, touch, tastes, smells, light or colours.

Autism spectrum disorder, also called ASD, is the name used for a specific set of behavioural and developmental problem and challenges that go with them. A diagnosis of ASD means that your child communication, social, and play skills are affected in some way. The word spectrum in ASD means that every child is unique and has his own combination of characteristics which further shape him/her with a distinctive social communication and behaviour profile. As your child grows and develops, the nature or manifestation of these problems and challenges may change based on his/her biological and environmental experience. Usually a person with ASD will have some form of social and/or behavioural differences for the whole of his/her life.